Populum, argumentum ad

Populum, argumentum ad

Populum, argumentum ad -How To Win Every Argument The argumentum ad populum appeals to popular attitudes instead of presenting relevant material. In other words, it is based on prejudice. It exploits the known propensity of people to accept that which fits in comfortably with their preconceptions. The popular prejudices may or may not be justified, […]

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Poisoning the well

Poisoning the well

Poisoning the well -How To Win Every Argument The most attractive feature of poisoning the well is that the opposition is discredited before they have uttered a single word. At its crudest, the fallacy consists in making unpleasant remarks about anyone who might disagree with a chosen position. When some willing victim steps forward to dispute […]

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Petitio principii

Petitio principii

Petitio principii -How To Win Every Argument The fallacy of petitio principii, otherwise known as ‘begging the question’, occurs whenever use is made in the argument of something which the conclusion seeks to establish. The petitio is a master of disguise and is capable of assuming many strange forms. One of its commonest appearances has […]

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One-sided assessment

One-sided assessment

One-sided assessment -How To Win Every Argument Many of the decisions we are called upon to weigh up have both advantages and drawbacks. The fallacy of one-sided assessment is fallen into when only one side of the case is taken into consideration. Decisions usually require both pros and cons to be taken account of, and […]

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